The European goldfinch or goldfinch (Carduelis carduelis), is a small passerine bird in the finch family that is native to Europe, North Africa and western Asia.
The goldfinch has a red face and a black-and-white head. The back and flanks are buff or chestnut brown. The black wings have a broad yellow bar. The tail is black and the rump is white. The female is very similar to the male but has a slightly smaller red area on the face.
For goldfinches, teasels come into their own in autumn and winter when the seed heads dry out. The goldfinches' thin beaks are ideally suited for ‘tweezering’ the tiny seeds from between the spikes.
The goldfinch was often depicted in Italian renaissance paintings of the Madonna and Child.
If you are looking to attract goldfinches in your garden, you could try a nyjer feeder. Nyjer (Guizotia abyssinica) is a tiny seed which goldfinches love. The seeds are so tiny that you need a special feeder with small holes so the nyjer doesn't blow away.